EFCT: Environmental Footprint Comparison Tool.  A tool for understanding environmental decisions related to the forest products industry.  BOD/COD/TSS. headerlink
Effects of decreased release of B O D / C O D and T S S on greenhouse gas emissions

Efforts to reduce discharges of BOD/COD and TSS to water can involve either changes within the millís production areas and/or the addition of wastewater treatment system capacity or components.

Changes within mill production areas that are undertaken with the objective of reducing discharges to water would not be expected to affect greenhouse gas emissions directly. However, to the extent that such changes may impact energy use at the mill, greenhouse gas emissions can be affected. Energy cobenefits and trade-offs are discussed under the Energy section of this tool.

Reduction of discharges to water that are achieved by installing additional treatment capacity or components would not be expected to impact greenhouse gas emissions, except as related to the increased use of energy to supply the new or upgraded wastewater treatment systems. The installation of tertiary treatment systems that generate additional amounts of residuals (e.g., flocculation systems for color or chemical oxygen demand removal) do have the potential to increase greenhouse gas emissions. This would occur in the case where the residuals were managed in landfills or by other means. where carbon in the residuals is converted to methane rather than carbon dioxide. Methane is approximately 25 times more potent as a greenhouse gas than is carbon dioxide.